Species Details

@MSH Sourav (TU Dresden, Germany);

Black Francolin Did you see this animal?

Scientific Name : Francolinus francolinus
Family : Phasianidae
Order : Galliformes
Class : Aves
Phylum : Chordata
Other Name : Black Partridge
Habitat : Tall grasses, farmlands, tea gardens and scrubs near water.
Description : The Black Francolin is a dark brown, terrestrial bird (adult bird length approximately 34 cm, weight 430 g, wing 15 cm, bill 2.4 cm, tarsus 4.8 cm, tail 10 cm). The male has jet-black upperparts spotted and bared with white and fulvous. The female has paler and browner upperparts, rufous hind-neck, pale buff supercilium and ear-covert and a dark eye-stripe. The black francolin is a bird species found in scrubby habitats with cultivated crops. They are typically found in areas with dense vegetation near water, such as scrubland and forest edges adjacent to grassland. Unlike chukars, another game bird species, black francolins are more closely associated with water and can even be found in drier regions.
These birds are primarily ground-dwelling and spend most of their time foraging for plant material and small invertebrates. They have a short and direct flight, often using glides on their rounded wings. When disturbed, black francolins usually prefer to creep away rather than taking flight.
In aviculture, which refers to the keeping and breeding of birds in captivity, black francolins are fed small mealworms and wax worms. However, it is important to exercise caution when feeding chicks, as they may exhibit toe-picking behavior. This means they may peck at the toes of other birds, which can lead to injury or stress.
Overall, black francolins are well-adapted to their habitat, with their preference for scrubby areas with dense vegetation near water. They have specific dietary preferences and behavior patterns, making them interesting subjects for both birdwatchers and aviculturists.
Distribution in Bangladesh
description written by:Fatema-Tuz-Zohora,Department of Zoology, Jagannath University,Dhaka;information source: Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol-26, iucnredlist.org;Photo credit and copyright:MSH Sourav (TU Dresden, Germany);taxonomic checklist:P. M. Thompson and S. U. Chowdhury (2020). A checklist of birds of Bangladesh.Birds Bangladesh;bird song owner:Nils Agster(www.xeno-canto.org/Nils Agster), bird sound copyright reserved according to www.xeno-canto.org rules; more information, please contact us.