Species Details


Goliath Heron Did you see this animal?

Scientific Name : Ardea goliath
Family : Ardeidae
Order : Pelecaniformes
Class : Aves
Phylum : Chordata
Other Name : Giant Heron
Habitat : Coast and wetlands
Description : The Goliath Heron is a large crested heron standing almost the height of a man (adult bird length approximately 148 cm, wing 58 cm, bill 19 cm, tarsus 24 cm, tail 22 cm). Its head, hind-neck and belly are chestnut-brown. It feeds on fish, frogs and other aquatic animals. The Goliath heron is a highly aquatic species that prefers to stay close to water sources and fly along waterways rather than over land. Its habitats include lakes, swamps, mangroves, and river deltas. They breed during the rainy season, with nesting sites on islands or vegetation. They can form solitary pairs or large colonies with other bird species. The nests are large but often flimsy, and the eggs are pale blue. Incubation lasts around 24 to 30 days, and the young leave the nest at around five weeks. About 62% of fledglings survive to adulthood. The Goliath heron has few natural predators due to its size and formidable bill.
description written by:Fatema-Tuz-Zohora,Department of Zoology, Jagannath University,Dhaka;information source: Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol-26, iucnredlist.org;taxonomic checklist:P. M. Thompson and S. U. Chowdhury (2020). A checklist of birds of Bangladesh.Birds Bangladesh;photo credit: berthapi2(www.inaturalist.org/people/berthapi2),photo shared from iNaturalist, photo copyright reserved according to iNaturalist rules;Lynette Rudmanmore information, please contact us.