Species Details

@Syed Abbas (Birdwing,Bangladesh);

Glossy Ibis Did you see this animal?

Scientific Name : Plegadis falcinellus
Family : Threskiornithidae
Order : Pelecaniformes
Class : Aves
Phylum : Chordata
Habitat : Haors
Description : The glossy ibis is a mid-sized bird species known for its striking appearance and graceful flight. It measures around 48-66 cm (19-26 in) in length, with an average of 59.4 cm (23.4 in) and has a wingspan of 80-105 cm (31-41 in). Breeding adults have reddish-brown bodies with shiny bottle-green wings. They nest in mixed-species colonies and form flocks of over 100 individuals during migration.

Glossy ibises are highly nomadic, dispersing after breeding. Some populations migrate across the Sahara Desert, while others prefer wintering areas in the Sahel, West Africa, East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and as far east as Pakistan and India. They feed in shallow water, preferring wetlands with dense emergent vegetation.

Their nest is typically built using twigs and vegetation, positioned at least 1 meter (3.3 feet) above water, sometimes as high as 7 meters (23 feet) in tall vegetation. They lay 3 to 4 eggs (occasionally 5), which are incubated by both male and female birds for 20 to 23 days. The young birds leave the nest after about 7 days and become capable of flight in approximately 28 days.

Glossy ibises inhabit a variety of wetland habitats such as marshes, lakes, rivers, lagoons, floodplains, and swamps. They can also be found in coastal areas like estuaries and salt marshes. Their preferred habitats have dense stands of emergent vegetation. Glossy ibises exhibit a social behavior, often flying in V formations and roosting communally with other species.

In summary, the glossy ibis is a nomadic bird species with beautiful plumage, known for its graceful flight and nesting in mixed-species colonies. It prefers wetlands with dense vegetation and undertakes seasonal migrations. The nest is built above water using twigs, and the young birds become independent and capable of flight within a month.
Distribution in Bangladesh
description written by:Fatema-Tuz-Zohora,Department of Zoology, Jagannath University,Dhaka;information source: Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol-26, iucnredlist.org;Photo credit and copyright:Syed Abbas (Birdwing,Bangladesh);taxonomic checklist:P. M. Thompson and S. U. Chowdhury (2020). A checklist of birds of Bangladesh.Birds Bangladesh;bird song owner:Paul Marvin(www.xeno-canto.org/Paul Marvin), bird sound copyright reserved according to www.xeno-canto.org rules; more information, please contact us.