Species Details


Golden-headed Cisticola Did you see this animal?

Scientific Name : Cisticola exilis
Family : Cisticolidae
Order : Passeriformes
Class : Aves
Phylum : Chordata
Habitat : Bushes
Description : Golden-headed Cisticola are small birds with orange crown and yellowish white underside. The feathers of their upperbody and tail are streaked with blackish brown. Their upper beak is greyish black while the lower one is pale brown. The golden-headed cisticola is an omnivorous bird that primarily feeds on invertebrates such as insects, small slugs, and grass seeds. It forages on the ground, camouflaging itself among plants like grass while moving slowly. Although it typically inhabits a single location throughout its life, habitat changes can cause it to relocate. The bird constructs its nests in shrubs, grass tussocks, and other vegetation up to 3 meters above the ground. The nests are made with green leaves, soft plant down, and grass, and the species is known for using spider threads to stitch the nest together. Both male and female birds participate in nest-building, with the female doing the stitching and the male providing spider-web threads. The nests are round with a side entry, designed for camouflage.

The female lays three or four eggs, which she incubates for 11 days. The hatching success rate is approximately 32%. After hatching, the female feeds the chicks while the male defends the nest from intruders. The young birds remain in the nest for 11 to 13 days, during which time the female ingests their feces for sanitation purposes.
Distribution in Bangladesh
description written by:Zarin Tasnim,Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka;information source: Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol-26, iucnredlist.org;taxonomic checklist:P. M. Thompson and S. U. Chowdhury (2020). A checklist of birds of Bangladesh.Birds Bangladesh;photo credit: ronigreer (www.inaturalist.org/people/ronigreer ),photo shared from iNaturalist, photo copyright reserved according to iNaturalist rules;Somkiat Pakapinyo (Chai)more information, please contact us.