Species Details

@MSH Sourav (TU Dresden, Germany);

Barred Buttonquail Did you see this animal?

Scientific Name : Turnix suscitator
Family : Turnicidae
Order : Charadriiformes
Class : Aves
Phylum : Chordata
Other Name : Common Bustard-Quail, Barred Bustard-Quail
Habitat : Grasslands with scrubs and cutover jungles.
Description : The Barred Buttonquail is a small terrestrial bird whose female is more colourful than the male (adult bird length approximately 15 cm, weight 55 g, wing 8 cm, bill 1.5 cm, tarsus 2.3 cm, tail 3.5 cm). The upperpart of the male is variegated with rufous-brown and black. The female has a blackish chin, throat and centre of the breast. It feeds on seeds, grains, green shoots, termites and ants. Buttonquails are distinct from true quails primarily due to the female's polyandrous behavior. In this species, the female exhibits brighter plumage, takes the lead in courtship rituals, and constructs the ground nest. Engaging in fierce battles with other females, she competes for the opportunity to mate with a male, announcing her presence with a loud drumming sound, "drr-r-r-r-r," serving as both a challenge to rival hens and a signal to attract a male. Once the eggs are laid, the female leaves them in the care of the male, who assumes the responsibility of incubation and caring for the young. These offspring are capable of running shortly after hatching. Meanwhile, the female seeks out another mate, one at a time, and repeats this cycle. The buttonquails breed continuously throughout the year, with variations in different locations. The nest itself is a scrape or depression in scrub jungle or crops, lined with grass and often covered by surrounding vegetation. Typically, a clutch consists of 3 or 4 eggs that are grayish white in color, adorned with abundant speckles in reddish brown or blackish purple hues.
Distribution in Bangladesh
description written by:Fatema-Tuz-Zohora,Department of Zoology, Jagannath University,Dhaka;information source: Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol-26, iucnredlist.org;Photo credit and copyright:MSH Sourav (TU Dresden, Germany);taxonomic checklist:P. M. Thompson and S. U. Chowdhury (2020). A checklist of birds of Bangladesh.Birds Bangladesh;bird song owner:Peter Boesman(www.xeno-canto.org/Peter Boesman), bird sound copyright reserved according to www.xeno-canto.org rules; more information, please contact us.