Species Details


Yellow‑legged Buttonquail Did you see this animal?

Scientific Name : Turnix tanki
Family : Turnicidae
Order : Charadriiformes
Class : Aves
Phylum : Chordata
Other Name : Button Quail
Habitat : Grasslands with scrubs, standing crops and cultivated fields.
Description : The Yellow-legged Buttonquail is a small bird with yellow bill and feet (adult bird length approximately 15 cm, weight 40 g, wing 8 cm, bill 1.4 cm, tarsus 2.4 cm, tail 3 cm). In the breeding season, the male looks brownish-grey from above and buffish from below. It breeds in March-November. It feeds on seeds, grains, shoots, insects, ants and termites. The buttonquail species is primarily terrestrial and tends to flee from potential threats by running instead of taking flight. They are typically observed alone or in pairs. Breeding activities occur from March to November, predominantly during the wet season. Female buttonquails display a vibrant rufous nape collar, which is shed during the non-breeding season. During courtship, females offer food to the males. Once the eggs are laid, the responsibility of incubation is entrusted to the male. In captivity, the eggs hatch after approximately 12 days, and the newly hatched chicks instinctively follow the male. The nest is a hollow scooped into the ground, lined with grasses, and often covered with bent-down plant stems to form a roof, featuring a side entrance. A clutch of four grayish-white eggs with blotches is laid, and the male alone undertakes incubation. The eggs typically hatch within twelve to sixteen days, and the male continues to care for the chicks. After laying her eggs, the female moves on to select another mate, with whom she establishes a new nest to lay another clutch of eggs.
Distribution in Bangladesh
description written by:Fatema-Tuz-Zohora,Department of Zoology, Jagannath University,Dhaka;information source: Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol-26, iucnredlist.org;taxonomic checklist:P. M. Thompson and S. U. Chowdhury (2020). A checklist of birds of Bangladesh.Birds Bangladesh;photo credit: benjamynweil(www.inaturalist.org/people/benjamynweil),photo shared from iNaturalist, photo copyright reserved according to iNaturalist rules;Albert Lastukhinmore information, please contact us.