Species Details


Lemon Pansy Did you see this animal?

Scientific Name : Junonia lemonias
Family : Nymphalidae
Order : Lepidoptera
Class : Insecta
Phylum : Arthropoda
Habitat : Forests,plain land
Description : The butterfly is predominantly brown and adorned with numerous eyespots, as well as black and lemon-yellow spots and lines on the upper side of its wings. On the underside, it appears dull brown, featuring wavy lines and spots in varying shades of brown and black. Additionally, there is an eyespot on the lower side of the forewing.

The appearance of the wet-season and dry-season forms differs significantly. In the wet-season form, the markings are distinct and vivid, and the wing shape is slightly more rounded. On the other hand, the dry-season form displays obscure and pale markings, particularly on the underside, and its wing margin is more angular and jagged, aiding in camouflage among dried leaf litter.

The lemon pansy is an active butterfly, often seen basking in the sun with its wings open. It typically stays close to the ground and can be approached easily. When feeding, it keeps its wings half open. It is a relatively strong flier, flying close to the ground with rapid wingbeats, and often returns to settle back in the same locations.
Distribution in Bangladesh
description written by:Shahtaj Islam Sakaal,Department of Zoology,University of Dhaka;information source:IUCN Red List Bangladesh-2015, Bingham, C.T.1905.Fauna of British India. Butterflies Vol. 1;photo credit:vrgopakumar (www.inaturalist.org/people/vrgopakumar ),photo copyright: iNaturalist. more information please contact with us.