Scientific Name : Megophrys parva
Family : Megophryidae
Order : Anura
Class : Amphibia
Phylum : Chordata
Other Name : Concave-crowned Horned Toad
Habitat : Forests
Description : The Crown Frog is a small lizard, typically measuring around 3-4 inches in length. They have a flattened body and a distinctive, flattened head with horn-like projections above their eyes. Their skin is covered in spines and scales, which provide protection against predators. They are usually a grayish-brown color, but can also be reddish or yellowish in some individuals.
Thia frog is typically found in dry, open habitats such as deserts, grasslands, and shrublands. They are also found in rocky areas and can often be seen basking on rocks or other exposed surfaces.
It is known for its distinctive defense mechanism of shooting blood from its eyes when threatened. This is thought to be a deterrent to predators, as the blood contains toxins that can be harmful or distasteful to some animals.
It is a carnivorous species and feeds on a variety of insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates. They are able to catch prey with their long, sticky tongue.
It is a diurnal species and is most active during the day. They are known for their ability to camouflage themselves in their surroundings, using their spiny skin to blend in with rocks and soil. They are also able to inflate their bodies to appear larger and more threatening to predators.
It breeds in the spring and summer. Females lay clutches of eggs in sandy soil, which hatch after a few weeks. The hatchlings are able to fend for themselves and quickly become independent.
It is listed as a species of least concerned. Habitat loss and fragmentation are threats to their populations in some areas.
Distribution in Bangladesh
description written by: Md. Shalauddin, Department of Zoology, Jagannath University, Dhaka. Information sources: IUCN Red List Bangladesh-2015, Hasan 2014, Khan 2018 (Photographic guide to the wildlife of Bangladesh).photo credit:rohitnaniwadekar(www.inaturalist.org/people/rohitnaniwadeka),photo copyright: iNaturalist. more information please contact with us.