Scientific Name : Odorrana chloronota
Family : Ranidae
Order : Anura
Class : Amphibia
Phylum : Chordata
Other Name : Green-backed Stream Frog, Copper-cheeked Frog
Habitat : Nocturnal/Forests
Description : The green-backed stream frog is a medium-sized frog, with males typically measuring between 5-6 cm in length, and females slightly larger. They have a bright green coloration on their back and a yellowish-white belly. Their skin is smooth and shiny, with no noticeable warts or ridges. They have large, round eyes with horizontal pupils.
This species of frog is commonly found in streams and other freshwater bodies in forests and mountainous regions. They are also found in agricultural areas, particularly rice paddies.
Green-backed frogs are carnivorous and feed on a variety of small invertebrates, such as insects, spiders, and snails.
These frogs are primarily nocturnal, and during the day they can be found hiding under rocks and vegetation near water sources. They are good swimmers and can often be found in water bodies. During the breeding season, males will call out to attract females and establish territory.
Females lay their eggs in shallow water, and tadpoles hatch from the eggs and undergo metamorphosis into juvenile frogs after several weeks. Breeding usually takes place during the rainy season, which lasts from May to September.
Male green-backed frogs produce a loud, distinctive call during the breeding season, which can be heard from a distance of several meters. The call is used to attract females and to establish territorial boundaries.
The green-backed frog has several adaptations that help it survive in its environment, including its bright green coloration which helps it blend in with the vegetation, and its powerful legs which allow it to jump and swim efficiently.
It is currently listed as Least Concerned. Habitat loss due to deforestation and agricultural expansion is likely to be a major threat to this species. Pollution and the introduction of non-native species may also have negative impacts on its population.
Distribution in Bangladesh
description written by: Md. Shalauddin, Department of Zoology, Jagannath University, Dhaka. Information sources: IUCN Red List Bangladesh-2015, Hasan 2014, Khan 2018 (Photographic guide to the wildlife of Bangladesh).photo credit:jonhakim(www.inaturalist.org/people/jonhakim),photo copyright: iNaturalist. more information please contact with us.