Scientific Name : Fejervarya teraiensis
Family : Dicroglossidae
Order : Anura
Class : Amphibia
Phylum : Chordata
Other Name : Terai Wart Frog, Terai Cricket Frog
Habitat : Almost every type of habitat (wetlands), including salt water.
Description : The Terai wart is a small frog, typically measuring around 3-4 cm in length, and is characterized by its warty skin.
The Terai wart frog has several distinctive physical and behavioral characteristics that make it well-adapted to its wetland habitat. One of its most noticeable physical features is its warty skin, which provides camouflage and helps protect it from predators. Its coloration is typically a blend of brown, gray, and green, which allows it to blend in with its surroundings.
Terai wart frogs are primarily nocturnal, and are most active at night when they forage for food. They have a keen sense of hearing, which allows them to locate prey and avoid predators in the dark. They are also excellent swimmers, using their long hind legs and webbed feet to navigate through the water.
Males and females of the species can be distinguished by their vocalizations. During the breeding season, males emit a series of calls to attract females. The calls are distinct and can vary depending on the male's size and position in the breeding hierarchy.
In terms of behavior, Terai wart frogs are social animals and often gather in groups around bodies of water. They have also been observed engaging in territorial disputes with other males during the breeding season. Outside of the breeding season, they are less aggressive and tend to be more solitary.
Overall, the Terai wart frog is a fascinating species with unique physical and behavioral characteristics that allow it to thrive in its wetland habitat. Its warty skin, coloration, keen sense of hearing, and swimming abilities are just a few of the traits that make it an interesting and important member of its ecosystem.
Terai wart frogs are well adapted to life in their wetland habitats, which can range from ponds and swamps to rice paddies and shallow streams. They are active primarily at night, and feed on a variety of small invertebrates such as insects and spiders.
Despite their small size, Terai wart frogs play an important role in their ecosystems, serving as both predator and prey. They help control populations of small invertebrates and serve as a food source for larger predators such as snakes and birds
Unfortunately, Terai wart frogs are currently facing threats from habitat loss, pollution, and the spread of non-native species.
Distribution in Bangladesh
description written by: Md. Shalauddin, Department of Zoology, Jagannath University, Dhaka. Information sources: IUCN Red List Bangladesh-2015, Hasan 2014, Khan 2018 (Photographic guide to the wildlife of Bangladesh).photo credit:herpguy(www.inaturalist.org/people/herpguy),photo copyright: iNaturalist. more information please contact with us.